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Sign Up Form and Email Activation PHP MySQL JavaScript Programming Tutorial

Learn to program a user sign up form and corresponding email activation script. We use HTML, CSS and JavaScript for user interfacing. The server side scripting is PHP connected to a MySQL database. Real time field restricting, user must view terms of use, real time username checking and more. Ajax is in use for all server side data transmissions. User must activate their account through email in order to interact on the site. The email activation process verifies and confirms that they have given you their real email address. signup.php <?php session_start(); // If user is logged in, header them away if(isset($_SESSION["username"])){ header("location: message.php?msg=NO to that weenis"); exit(); } ?><?php // Ajax calls this NAME CHECK code to execute if(isset($_POST["usernamecheck"])){ include_once("php_includes/db_conx.php"); $username = preg_replace('#[^a-z0-9]#i', '', $_POST['usernamecheck']); $sql = "SELECT id FROM users WHERE username='$username' LIMIT 1"; $query = mysqli_query($db_conx, $sql); $uname_check = mysqli_num_rows($query); if (strlen($username) < 3 || strlen($username) > 16) { echo '<strong style="color:#F00;">3 - 16 characters please</strong>'; exit(); } if (is_numeric($username[0])) { echo '<strong style="color:#F00;">Usernames must begin with a letter</strong>'; exit(); } if ($uname_check < 1) { echo '<strong style="color:#009900;">' . $username . ' is OK</strong>'; exit(); } else { echo '<strong style="color:#F00;">' . $username . ' is taken</strong>'; exit(); } } ?><?php // Ajax calls this REGISTRATION code to execute if(isset($_POST["u"])){ // CONNECT TO THE DATABASE include_once("php_includes/db_conx.php"); // GATHER THE POSTED DATA INTO LOCAL VARIABLES $u = preg_replace('#[^a-z0-9]#i', '', $_POST['u']); $e = mysqli_real_escape_string($db_conx, $_POST['e']); $p = $_POST['p']; $g = preg_replace('#[^a-z]#', '', $_POST['g']); $c = preg_replace('#[^a-z ]#i', '', $_POST['c']); // GET USER IP ADDRESS $ip = preg_replace('#[^0-9.]#', '', getenv('REMOTE_ADDR')); // DUPLICATE DATA CHECKS FOR USERNAME AND EMAIL $sql = "SELECT id FROM users WHERE username='$u' LIMIT 1"; $query = mysqli_query($db_conx, $sql); $u_check = mysqli_num_rows($query); // ------------------------------------------- $sql = "SELECT id FROM users WHERE email='$e' LIMIT 1"; $query = mysqli_query($db_conx, $sql); $e_check = mysqli_num_rows($query); // FORM DATA ERROR HANDLING if($u == "" || $e == "" || $p == "" || $g == "" || $c == ""){ echo "The form submission is missing values."; exit(); } else if ($u_check > 0){ echo "The username you entered is alreay taken"; exit(); } else if ($e_check > 0){ echo "That email address is already in use in the system"; exit(); } else if (strlen($u) < 3 || strlen($u) > 16) { echo "Username must be between 3 and 16 characters"; exit(); } else if (is_numeric($u[0])) { echo 'Username cannot begin with a number'; exit(); } else { // END FORM DATA ERROR HANDLING // Begin Insertion of data into the database // Hash the password and apply your own mysterious unique salt $cryptpass = crypt($p); include_once ("php_includes/randStrGen.php"); $p_hash = randStrGen(20)."$cryptpass".randStrGen(20); // Add user info into the database table for the main site table $sql = "INSERT INTO users (username, email, password, gender, country, ip, signup, lastlogin, notescheck) VALUES('$u','$e','$p_hash','$g','$c','$ip',now(),now(),now())"; $query = mysqli_query($db_conx, $sql); $uid = mysqli_insert_id($db_conx); // Establish their row in the useroptions table $sql = "INSERT INTO useroptions (id, username, background) VALUES ('$uid','$u','original')"; $query = mysqli_query($db_conx, $sql); // Create directory(folder) to hold each user's files(pics, MP3s, etc.) if (!file_exists("user/$u")) { mkdir("user/$u", 0755); } // Email the user their activation link $to = "$e"; $from = "auto_responder@yoursitename.com"; $subject = 'yoursitename Account Activation'; $message = '<!DOCTYPE html><html><head><meta charset="UTF-8"><title>yoursitename Message</title></head><body style="margin:0px; font-family:Tahoma, Geneva, sans-serif;"><div style="padding:10px; background:#333; font-size:24px; color:#CCC;"><a href="http://www.yoursitename.com"><img src="http://www.yoursitename.com/images/logo.png" width="36" height="30" alt="yoursitename" style="border:none; float:left;"></a>yoursitename Account Activation</div><div style="padding:24px; font-size:17px;">Hello '.$u.',<br /><br />Click the link below to activate your account when ready:<br /><br /><a href="http://www.yoursitename.com/activation.php?id='.$uid.'&u='.$u.'&e='.$e.'&p='.$p_hash.'">Click here to activate your account now</a><br /><br />Login after successful activation using your:<br />* E-mail Address: <b>'.$e.'</b></div></body></html>'; $headers = "From: $from\n"; $headers .= "MIME-Version: 1.0\n"; $headers .= "Content-type: text/html; charset=iso-8859-1\n"; mail($to, $subject, $message, $headers); echo "signup_success"; exit(); } exit(); } ?> <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <meta charset="UTF-8"> <title>Sign Up</title> <link rel="icon" href="favicon.ico" type="image/x-icon"> <link rel="stylesheet" href="style/style.css"> <style type="text/css"> #signupform{ margin-top:24px; } #signupform > div { margin-top: 12px; } #signupform > input,select { width: 200px; padding: 3px; background: #F3F9DD; } #signupbtn { font-size:18px; padding: 12px; } #terms { border:#CCC 1px solid; background: #F5F5F5; padding: 12px; } </style> <script src="js/main.js"></script> <script src="js/ajax.js"></script> <script> function restrict(elem){ var tf = _(elem); var rx = new RegExp; if(elem == "email"){ rx = /[' "]/gi; } else if(elem == "username"){ rx = /[^a-z0-9]/gi; } tf.value = tf.value.replace(rx, ""); } function emptyElement(x){ _(x).innerHTML = ""; } function checkusername(){ var u = _("username").value; if(u != ""){ _("unamestatus").innerHTML = 'checking ...'; var ajax = ajaxObj("POST", "signup.php"); ajax.onreadystatechange = function() { if(ajaxReturn(ajax) == true) { _("unamestatus").innerHTML = ajax.responseText; } } ajax.send("usernamecheck="+u); } } function signup(){ var u = _("username").value; var e = _("email").value; var p1 = _("pass1").value; var p2 = _("pass2").value; var c = _("country").value; var g = _("gender").value; var status = _("status"); if(u == "" || e == "" || p1 == "" || p2 == "" || c == "" || g == ""){ status.innerHTML = "Fill out all of the form data"; } else if(p1 != p2){ status.innerHTML = "Your password fields do not match"; } else if( _("terms").style.display == "none"){ status.innerHTML = "Please view the terms of use"; } else { _("signupbtn").style.display = "none"; status.innerHTML = 'please wait ...'; var ajax = ajaxObj("POST", "signup.php"); ajax.onreadystatechange = function() { if(ajaxReturn(ajax) == true) { if(ajax.responseText != "signup_success"){ status.innerHTML = ajax.responseText; _("signupbtn").style.display = "block"; } else { window.scrollTo(0,0); _("signupform").innerHTML = "OK "+u+", check your email inbox and junk mail box at <u>"+e+"</u> in a moment to complete the sign up process by activating your account. You will not be able to do anything on the site until you successfully activate your account."; } } } ajax.send("u="+u+"&e="+e+"&p="+p1+"&c="+c+"&g="+g); } } function openTerms(){ _("terms").style.display = "block"; emptyElement("status"); } /* function addEvents(){ _("elemID").addEventListener("click", func, false); } window.onload = addEvents; */ </script> </head> <body> <?php include_once("template_pageTop.php"); ?> <div id="pageMiddle"> <h3>Sign Up Here</h3> <form name="signupform" id="signupform" onsubmit="return false;"> <div>Username: </div> <input id="username" type="text" onblur="checkusername()" onkeyup="restrict('username')" maxlength="16"> <span id="unamestatus"></span> <div>Email Address:</div> <input id="email" type="text" onfocus="emptyElement('status')" onkeyup="restrict('email')" maxlength="88"> <div>Create Password:</div> <input id="pass1" type="password" onfocus="emptyElement('status')" maxlength="16"> <div>Confirm Password:</div> <input id="pass2" type="password" onfocus="emptyElement('status')" maxlength="16"> <div>Gender:</div> <select id="gender" onfocus="emptyElement('status')"> <option value=""></option> <option value="m">Male</option> <option value="f">Female</option> </select> <div>Country:</div> <select id="country" onfocus="emptyElement('status')"> <?php include_once("template_country_list.php"); ?> </select> <div> <a href="#" onclick="return false" onmousedown="openTerms()"> View the Terms Of Use </a> </div> <div id="terms" style="display:none;"> <h3>Web Intersect Terms Of Use</h3> <p>1. Play nice here.</p> <p>2. Take a bath before you visit.</p> <p>3. Brush your teeth before bed.</p> </div> <br /><br /> <button id="signupbtn" onclick="signup()">Create Account</button> <span id="status"></span> </form> </div> <?php include_once("template_pageBottom.php"); ?> </body> </html> activation.php <?php if (isset($_GET['id']) && isset($_GET['u']) && isset($_GET['e']) && isset($_GET['p'])) { // Connect to database and sanitize incoming $_GET variables include_once("php_includes/db_conx.php"); $id = preg_replace('#[^0-9]#i', '', $_GET['id']); $u = preg_replace('#[^a-z0-9]#i', '', $_GET['u']); $e = mysqli_real_escape_string($db_conx, $_GET['e']); $p = mysqli_real_escape_string($db_conx, $_GET['p']); // Evaluate the lengths of the incoming $_GET variable if($id == "" || strlen($u) < 3 || strlen($e) < 5 || strlen($p) != 74){ // Log this issue into a text file and email details to yourself header("location: message.php?msg=activation_string_length_issues"); exit(); } // Check their credentials against the database $sql = "SELECT * FROM users WHERE id='$id' AND username='$u' AND email='$e' AND password='$p' LIMIT 1"; $query = mysqli_query($db_conx, $sql); $numrows = mysqli_num_rows($query); // Evaluate for a match in the system (0 = no match, 1 = match) if($numrows == 0){ // Log this potential hack attempt to text file and email details to yourself header("location: message.php?msg=Your credentials are not matching anything in our system"); exit(); } // Match was found, you can activate them $sql = "UPDATE users SET activated='1' WHERE id='$id' LIMIT 1"; $query = mysqli_query($db_conx, $sql); // Optional double check to see if activated in fact now = 1 $sql = "SELECT * FROM users WHERE id='$id' AND activated='1' LIMIT 1"; $query = mysqli_query($db_conx, $sql); $numrows = mysqli_num_rows($query); // Evaluate the double check if($numrows == 0){ // Log this issue of no switch of activation field to 1 header("location: message.php?msg=activation_failure"); exit(); } else if($numrows == 1) { // Great everything went fine with activation! header("location: message.php?msg=activation_success"); exit(); } } else { // Log this issue of missing initial $_GET variables header("location: message.php?msg=missing_GET_variables"); exit(); } ?> message.php <?php $message = ""; $msg = preg_replace('#[^a-z 0-9.:_()]#i', '', $_GET['msg']); if($msg == "activation_failure"){ $message = '<h2>Activation Error</h2> Sorry there seems to have been an issue activating your account at this time. We have already notified ourselves of this issue and we will contact you via email when we have identified the issue.'; } else if($msg == "activation_success"){ $message = '<h2>Activation Success</h2> Your account is now activated. <a href="login.php">Click here to log in</a>'; } else { $message = $msg; } ?> <div><?php echo $message; ?></div> randStrGen.php <?php function randStrGen($len){ $result = ""; $chars = "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789$$$$$$$1111111"; $charArray = str_split($chars); for($i = 0; $i < $len; $i++){ $randItem = array_rand($charArray); $result .= "".$charArray[$randItem]; } return $result; } ?>
SignFormEmailActivationPHPMySQLJavaScriptProgramming